NOW ( Recent Happenings)
The Historic CWC Resolution
Dated 30th July 2013.
IT IS RESOLVED TO REQUEST THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
TO TAKE steps in accordance with the Constitution of India to form a separate
State of Telangana;
TO ESTABLISH, simultaneously and within a definite time frame, institute
mechanism to address the concerns of the people of the
regions of Andhra, Rayalaseema on matters relating to (but
not limited to) the sharing of river waters, generation and
distribution of electricity, safety and security of all
residents in all the three regions, and the guarantee of the
fundamental rights of all residents.
TO DECLARE that Hyderabad will be the common
capital of both states for 10 years after the
formation of Telangana and to put in place legal and
administrative measures to ensure that both state
governments can function efficiently from the common capital
during the said period;
TO ASSIST in building a new capital for the
residuary state of Andhra Pradesh within a period of 10
TO DECLARE Polavaram project as a national
project and to provide adequate funds to complete the same.
TO IDENTIFY special
needs of the backward regions/districts of AP and to provide
adequate funds for the development of those areas.
TO ASSIST the
Government of AP and, after the formation of Telangana,
assist both state governments to maintain law and order and
ensure peace and harmony in all the regions/districts.
The CWC acknowledges that
the decision to form Telangana has not been an easy
decision. The decision taken today was taken after the
widest possible consultations and after taking into account
the chequered history of the demand for Telangana since
The CWC appeals to
all Congress men and women as well as to all the Telugu
speaking people and the residents of AP to extend their
Union Government on 03 Feb. 2010 announced the Terms of Reference of the Mr
Justice B N Srikrishna Committee, which will, among other
things, examine the situation in Andhra Pradesh arising out
of the demand for a separate State of Telangana and the
protests in the State against the move.
a statement from the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Committee
has been asked to submit its
report by December
The following are the seven-point
Terms of Reference of the Srikrishna Committee:
(1) To examine the situation in the
State of Andhra Pradesh with reference to the demand for a
separate State of Telangana as well as the demand for
maintaining the present status of a united Andhra Pradesh.
(2) To review the developments in the
State since its formation and their impact on the progress
and development of the different regions of the State.
(3) To examine the impact of the
recent developments in the State on the different sections
of the people such as women, children, students, minorities,
other backward classes, scheduled castes and scheduled
(4) To identify the key issues that
must be addressed while considering the matters mentioned in
items (1), (2) and (3) above.
(5) To consult all sections of the
people, especially the political parties, on the aforesaid
matters and elicit their views; to seek from the political
parties and other organisations a range of solutions that
would resolve the present difficult situation and promote
the welfare of all sections of the people; to identify the
optimal solutions for this purpose; and to recommend a plan
of action and a road map.
(6) To consult other organisations of
civil society such as industry, trade, trade unions,
farmers’ organisations, women’s organisations and students’
organisations on the aforesaid matters and elicit their
views with specific reference to the all round development
of the different regions of the State.
(7) To make any other suggestion or
recommendation that the Committee may deem appropriate.
five-member Committee was announced by the Home Ministry on
February 3 as part of the Centre's move to have wide-ranging
consultations with all sections of the people and all
political parties and groups in Andhra Pradesh on the
Apart from Mr
Justice Srikrishna, a retired judge of the Supreme Court,
the other memebrs of the Committee are Dr Ranbir Singh,
Vice-Chancellor of the National Law University, Delhi, Dr
Abusaleh Shariff, Senior Research Fellow, International Food
Policy Research Institute, Delhi, Dr (Ms) Ravinder Kaur,
Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences,
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, and Mr Vinod K
Duggal, former Union Home Secretary, who will be the
was set up in pursuance of statements made by Union Home
Minister P Chidambaram on December 9, 2009 and December 23,
2009 and the meeting he held with the eight recognised
political parties of Andhra Pradesh on January 5, 2010.
meeting with the leaders of the political parties in the
State, Mr Chidambaram had said that the Centre would soon
formulate a course of action on the basis of the sense of
He had said
that it was quite clear that the views of the political
parties, which participated in the meeting, were divided on
the question of formation of a new state of Telangana."It
appears to me that no one is opposed to further
consultations with other groups and stakeholders. Should
such consultations become necessary, they were keen that
these should be completed in a reasonable time," he had
said.They had also issued a joint statement, appealing for
the maintenance of peace, harmony and law and order in the
Rashtra Samiti (TRS) leader K Chandrasekhara Rao, who is
spearheading the movement for a separate state, and
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Bandaru Dattatreya had,
at the meeting, wanted the Centre to take immediate steps
for the formation of Telangana, while Praja Rajyam chief and
actor-turned-politician Chiranjeevi asserted his party
wanted a united Andhra Pradesh.
The January 5
meeting was also attended by leaders of the Congress, the
Telugu Desam, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the
Communist Party of India and the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul
his opening statement at the meeting, Mr Chidambaram had
urged the political parties to show accommodation and
goodwill on the issue.
He told the
meeting that, as stated in his letter to them, the agenda
was to "deliberate on the mechanism and lay down a roadmap
for the consultations."
He said the
situation on the ground had altered significantly since the
all-party meeting in Hyderabad held on December 7 and the
first statement made by him on behalf of the Central
Government on December 9.He said that, on December 23,
taking note of the altered situation, the Centre had
promised to hold wide-ranging consultations with all
political parties and groups in Andhra Pradesh."I urge each
of the political parties represented here to show
accommodation and goodwill. Ultimately, you must find the
answers and you must help the Central Government find a
solution," he had said.
for this meeting may appear limited, but I am confident that
if we take one step at a time we will, eventually, find a
solution. I request you, therefore, to give your views on
the agenda. What is the mechanism that you visualise for the
consultations with all political parties and groups in
Andhra Pradesh? What is the road map for such
consultations?" he had said.
Minister had said that it was in the interest of all
sections of the people of Andhra Pradesh that peace and
harmony prevailed while the consultations took place.
In an obvious
reference to Naxalites, Mr Chidambaram had cautioned all
political parties that there were forces waiting in the
wings who ridicule the parliamentary form of democracy and
who would be happy if the leaders collectively failed to
find answers to the issues that concerned them."We should
not give any room for these forces to gain strength or
credence," Mr Chidambaram had stressed.
Chidambaram had announced on the night of December 9 that
the process of carving out a new state of Telangana out of
Andhra Pradesh would be initiated. He had also said that an
appropriate resolution on the formation of the new state
would be moved in the Andhra Pradesh state legislative
9 announcement had come at a time when an agitation launched
by the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) was threatening to
spin out of control. TRS chief Chandrasekhara Rao, 55, had
been on a fast unto death in Hyderabad for 11 days at that
time, forcing the Centre to speed up its efforts to defuse
the crisis as his health was deteriorating.
23, Mr Chidambaram said the December 9 announcement had been
made after the receipt of the minutes of a meeting of all
political parties convened by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister
K Rosaiah on December 7, when a consensus had emerged on the
question of formation of a separate state of Telangana.He
also took note of the agitations launched by both supporters
and opponents of Telangana in Andhra Pradesh and said there
was a need for wider consultations. The Home Minister told
the January 5 meeting that there were a number of
misconceptions surrounding the issues before the
meeting."There is a misconception that the Central
Government acted in haste; that the political parties were
not consulted; and that I, as Home Minister, acted as an
individual. As you are well aware, none of these
misconceptions is supported by facts.." he had said.
Chidambaram had referred to the long history behind the
demand for a separate state of Telangana. "It is sufficient
to refer to the report of the States Reorganisation
Commission; the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1956 and the
amendment of Article 371(1) of the Constitution; the Six
Point Formula of 1973; and the introduction of Article 371D
in the Constitution. More recently, in the elections to the
State Assembly of Andhra Pradesh held in May, 2009, the
political parties outlined their positions in their
respective election manifestos. All this is in the public
domain," he had said.
He had said
the Central Government was concerned when an agitation was
started in November, 2009 demanding a separate State of
Telangana. "Quite rightly, the political parties in Andhra
Pradesh were the first responders to the agitation. You are
aware of the proceedings of the Business Advisory Committee
of the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly on December 7, 2009
followed by the proceedings of the all party meeting
convened by the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh later in
the evening of the same day.
"I wish to
reiterate that the first statement on behalf of the Central
Government was made on the basis of the minutes of the all
party meeting held on December 7, 2009," he had said.The
Home Minister's December 9, 2009 announcement on Telangana
had led to a situation in which some of the parties which
had supported the demand for a separate state later changed
their stance. Scores of legislators in Andhra Pradesh sent
in their resignations in protest against the move to divide
the Congress, Members of Parliament (MPs) and Members of the
Legislative Assembly (MLAs) from the coastal and Rayalaseema
regions opposed the move. The issue has polarised political
parties in Andhra Pradesh on regional lines.
11, a delegation of Andhra Pradesh had met Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh, who was understood to have assured them that
the Centre would not act in haste in the matter of creating
the new state. The MPs told Dr Singh that the mood in the
state was for it to remain united.
December 9 announcement on Telangana had also sparked off
similar demands from those campaigning for Gorkhaland in
West Bengal, Bundelkhand and Harit Pradesh in Uttar Pradesh,
Vidarbha in Maharashtra and Maru Pradesh in Rajasthan. This
prompted some people to suggest that it was, perhaps, time
to appoint a States Reorganisation Commission.
that part of Andhra Pradesh which corresponds to the
Telugu-speaking part of the erstwhile princely state of
Hyderabad, which lies on the Deccan plateau to the west of
the Eastern Ghats.
the districts of Warangal, Adilabad, Khammam, Mahabubnagar,
Nalgonda, Rangareddy, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Medak and
Hyderabad, the capital.
Pradesh was formed in 1956 and in the years that followed
there were growing complaints in the Telangana region that
the promises made to them had not been kept. These finally
led to a students' agitation in 1969 that was marked by
widespread violence and the deaths of scores of people.
for a separate state was kept alive in one form or the other
and in 1971 some leaders left the Congress to form the
Telangana Praja Samiti, but they later returned to the
party. In the 1990s, the National Democratic Alliance
government at the centre could not take a decision on the
issue because of the stand taken by its coalition partner
Telugu Desam Party.
TRS was formed with the single point agenda of creating a
separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital. In
the 2004 elections to the Lok Sabha as well as the State
Legislative Assembly, the Congress struck an alliance with
the TRS with the promise of a separate state.
came to power in Andhra Pradesh and the party led the United
Progressive Alliance (UPA) at the Centre, with the TRS as
one of the coalition partners. Mr. Chandrasekhara Rao also
joined the Union Government as a minister, but the Union
Government remained indecisive on the issue, forcing the TRS
leader to withdraw his party's support to the UPA Government
in September, 2006.
an issue ahead of the General Elections last year and all
the major parties in Andhra Pradesh came out in support of
returned to power both at the Centre and in Andhra Pradesh
and the alliance of which TRS was a part lost badly in the
state. On September 2, 2009 then Andhra Pradesh Chief
Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy, who had returned to power
with a convincing mandate, died in a helicopter crash.
who took over as Chief Minister, is not considered to be
tough politician and a mass leader the late Mr. Reddy
was............ and this in addition to the mismanagement of
state financials in last five years and the prevailing
Economic Crises World Wide, followed by IT industry
slowdown and Fall of Real Estate businesses in Telangana
areas especially. So the demand of a
separate Telangana has gain momentum, which was spearheaded
by Mr Chandrasekhara
Rao by starting his indefinite fast in late November, 2009.